The development of a string instrument
In our violin construction, instruments are built in loving, years of experience. Crafts in a long tradition. The career of a string instrument will be explained to master violin maker Rainer Leonhardt.
Only used wood (at least 5 years old) is used. The longer the storage the better. It is mainly mountain horn used for the floor, frames, neck and bridge. For the ceiling mostly spruce. Master the parts for ceiling and the floor are cut out in so-called pie pieces mirror cut. The annual rings are perpendicular to the base.
Accessories such as the fretboard, swivel or tailpiece are made from great heights like ebony or often rosewood. The natural drying of wood is enormously important.
At the beginning stands the so-called "inner form"
This helps the violin maker and is used again and again. It has six block sections and corresponds to the outline of the frames. The six block sections are then cut off accordingly and are then used to secure the frames.
With a bending iron thinly planed cusps, the well-known frames are bent. This is done when the boards are wet. The frames are usually 1mm tail. These are then bent following the inner mold and glued to the blocks.
In most cases, the floor is made of maple. As a violin maker, one has the possibility to use a whole floor or a divided floor. In the case of divided floors, these are then joined together in the middle. The thickest part of a violin floor is about 15-16mm.
The ground must then be sawn and curved by chisels, buckling planes, brass planes and drawing blades.
After the warp, a hollow flute is punched, which is a running groove running parallel to the edge. Here, the so-called trench is cut out for an insert. This deposit is not only the beauty and ornament, but also a special function.
Then work is done on starch. Depending on the strength of a wood, starches are then adapted. The sound is decisively influenced by the thickness of the floor. In the frame, ripen are then fitted, which are narrow wooden boxes.
Also the ceiling is made of. Again, the arching is also guided as in the case of the ground. Here, however, the curvature is somewhat higher.
The strength distribution then leaves the instrument also different blades. After these steps, F-holes and bass-bars are then incorporated. The inner mold is removed, before the violin makers glue the ceiling.
The neck and the snail of a string instrument consists of a single piece of wood, mostly maple. The widest part of the neck is the "ears" of the snail. This screw is placed on the white instrument in several steps.
Afterwards the instrument has to be painted to get the good sound and appearance. This is done in various steps and is very exciting in our company.
Afterwards, the so-called slip is glued in one can see, when one looks through the F-holes. Here the violin maker or violin maker, who built the instrument, immortalized himself.
Important components of the violin are e.g. The F-hole, inlays, notes, bridge, strings, fretboard, finest, swirl, ceiling, floor, snail, bridge and varnish. We use only the best natural resins, which are made according to our own traditions and recipes. Resins such as dragonfly, copal, shellac or madder are special resins and colors. They are then dissolved in oil or alcohol and thus the sonic properties can be promoted. The perfect appearance of the instruments can only arise through the varnish and is therefore enormously important. Ladder heads, certain lacquer paints or certain wood grains can be made on request or used for construction. We try to fulfill every special request and to implement it as best as possible.
Through Rainer Leonhardt, violinmakers and great staff we can always offer you the best service, exceptional craftsmanship and quality.
Violin Leonhardt, tradition since 1926